The Title V Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant to States Program guidance defines the significance of this goal as follows:
Oral health is a vital component of overall health. Access to oral health care, good oral hygiene, and adequate nutrition are essential component of oral health to help ensure that children, adolescents, and adults achieve and maintain oral health. People with limited access to preventive oral health services are at greater risk for oral diseases.
Oral health care remains the greatest unmet health need for children. Insufficient access to oral health care and effective preventive services affects children's health, education, and ability to prosper. Early dental visits teach children that oral health is important. Children who receive oral health care early in life are more likely to have a good attitude about oral health professionals and dental visits. Pregnant women who receive oral health care are more likely to take their children to get oral health care.
State Title V Maternal Child Health programs have long recognized the importance of improving the availability and quality of services to improve oral health for children and pregnant women. States monitor and guide service delivery to assure that all children have access to preventive oral health services. Strategies for promoting oral health include providing preventive interventions, such as dental sealants and use of fluoride, increasing the capacity of State oral health programs to provide preventive services, evaluating and improving methods of monitoring oral diseases and conditions, and increasing the number of community health centers with an oral health component.
NPM 13 Tools
- Evidence Brief (National Center for Education in MCH (NCEMCH) at Georgetown University).
- Environmental Scan (Women's and Children's Health Policy Center (WCHPC) at Johns Hopkins University). This environmental scan identifies compilations of strategies to advance NPM 13. Read more about environmental scans.
Summary of the Evidence
The following trends emerged from analysis of peer- reviewed evidence. While findings might not completely align with your ESM, they can serve as ideas for future expansion.
Key Findings for NPM 13.1: Oral Health During Pregnancy:
- There is limited evidence about interventions to increase dental visits during pregnancy.
Key Findings for NPM 13.2: Oral Health During Childhood:
- School/preschool interventions appear to be effective.
- Public insurance coverage appears to be effective.
- Medicaid reforms appear to be effective.
Access the published evidence.
Evidence Analysis Reports
- NPM 13.1 Oral Health In Pregnancy Evidence Review: Brief (WCHPC). A three-page summary of report methodologies, results, key findings, and implications.
- NPM 13.1 Oral Health in Pregnancy Evidence Review: Full Report (WCHPC). A critical analysis and synthesis of the effectiveness of strategies that might be applied to address NPM 13 to serve as the foundation for accountability across all states and jurisdictions. The evidence review uses a structured approach to evaluate the available empirical evidence and to draw conclusions for MCH programs based on the best available evidence. Read about the evidence analysis report methodology | You can also access the full set of Evidence Analysis Reports.
- NPM 13.2 Oral Health in Childhood Evidence Review: Brief (WCHPC). A three-page summary of report methodologies, results, key findings, and implications.
- NPM 13.2 Oral Heatlh in Childhood Evidence Review: Full Report (WCHPC). A critical analysis and synthesis of the effectiveness of strategies that might be applied to address NPM 13 to serve as the foundation for accountability across all states and jurisdictions. The evidence review uses a structured approach to evaluate the available empirical evidence and to draw conclusions for MCH programs based on the best available evidence. Read about the evidence analysis report methodology.
You can access strategies from AMCHP’s Innovation Station that have shown promise in advancing your NPM below. While these strategies may not completely align with your current activities, they can be used to help guide further development and measurement of your ESM.
|Practice Name||Primary Interest||State||Level of Evidence|
|Understanding Behaviors Survey||Child Health||AK||Emerging|
|Home by One Program||Child Health||CT||Emerging|
|Virtual Dental Home||Oral Health||HI||Emerging|
The following ESMs fall under measurement categories 2 – 4 and can be used as models.
|VT||% of pregnant women enrolled in WIC receiving preventive oral health care and education from a public health dental hygienist working in local health offices||# of pregnant women enrolled in WIC receiving preventive oral health care and education from a public health dental hygienist working in local health offices||The number of pregnant women enrolled in WIC||Percent||2|
|**||Number of primary care practices implementing State Oral Health Program after training||# of practices reporting using screening, and referring children during at least 85% of well child visits 6 mo. after training||N/A||Number||3|
|MA||% of community health centers that adopt or implement the MA Oral Health Practice Guidelines||Percent||4|
- Sample Strategies and Evidence-based/informed Strategy Measures (ESMs) (WCHPC). A list of sample strategies and ESMs for each of the 15 NPMs. Sources are provided at the end of the document.
- Related ESMs. You can access ESMs being implemented by other states/jurisdictions that may serve as models for future work with NPM 13.
- NPM 13 Transformation Tools (MCH Navigator and National MCH Workforce Development Center). Learning resources, implementation strategies, and links to the evidence base for the competencies needed to carry out NPM 13 activities.
- Taking Action with Evidence Implementation Roadmap (Association of MCH Programs (AMCHP) and WCHPC). Archived webinars and additional learning and implementation resources.
- Historical Resources from the MCH Digital Library (NCEMCH). This bibliography is automatically generated to pull resources from MCHLine, the MCH Library's online catalog of seminal resources, in support of NPM 13. Coming soon.
- National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center: An MCHB-funded technical assistance resource center, this project supports NPM 13 topic areas.
- Strengthening State Efforts Related to Title V Maternal and Child Health National Performance Measure 13 (Oral Health). The document includes sample strategies, two related to NPM 13.1 and two related to NPM 13.2. For each strategy, sample ESMs, possible data sources, justification for the strategy, and resources to support these efforts are noted. States and jurisdictions can use the information in this resource to strengthen NPM 13–related strategies and ESMs identified in their state action plan.
- Data Resource Center for Child and Adolescent Health (DRC): A project of the Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative, the DRC is a national data resource providing easy access to children’s health data on a variety of important topics, including the health and well-being of children and access to quality care.
- Strengthening State Efforts Related to Title V MCH NPM 13 (NCEMCH).