MCH Best. NPM 13.1: Oral Health in Pregnancy
MCH Strategy. Collaborate with Early Head Start programs, home visiting programs, and/or Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinics to train staff to provide preventive oral health care to pregnant women and referrals to oral health professionals for dental visits.
Overview. Provider education is an evidence-based strategy that has shown utility in increasing use of professional services other than oral health by MCH population groups. While limited research has been conducted to verify results with populations in need of oral health services, this research can serve as a proxy to gauge effect. However, more research is needed for conclusive results.1,2 Examples of topics focused on preventive oral health care include providing anticipatory guidance on feedback practices, providing tooth brush instruction, and conducting lift the lip screenings.
Evidence. Expert opinion. Strategies with this rating are recommended by credible, impartial experts and are consistent with accepted theoretical frameworks. However, the strategies have limited research documenting effects; further research, often with stronger designs, is needed to confirm effects. This strategy was drawn from Holt K, Louie R. 2019. Strengthening State and Jurisdiction Efforts Related to Title V Maternal and Child Health National Performance Measure 13 (Oral Health). Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center. This expert opinion is based on multiple resources.3 (Read more about understanding evidence ratings).
Target Audience. Providers.
Outcome. Proportion of women with a dental claim. For detailed outcomes related to each study supporting this strategy, click on the peer-reviewed evidence link above and read the "Intervention Results" for each study.
Examples from the Field. There are currently 6 ESMs across all states/jurisdictions that use this strategy directly or intervention components that align with this strategy. Access descriptions of these ESMs through the MCH Digital Library. You can use these ESMs to see how other Title V agencies are addressing the NPM.
Sample ESMs. Using the strategy “Collaborate with Early Head Start programs, home visiting programs, and/or Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinics to train staff to provide preventive oral health care to pregnant women and referrals to oral health professionals for dental visits,” here are sample ESMs you can use as a model for your own measures using the Results-Based Accountability framework (for suggestions on how to develop programs to support this strategy, see The Role of Title V in Adapting Strategies):
Note. ESMs become stronger as they move from measuring quantity to measuring quality (moving from Quadrants 1 and 3, respectively, to Quadrants 2 and 4) and from measuring effort to measuring effect (moving from Quadrants 1 and 2, respectively, to Quadrants 3 and 4).
Possible Data Sources for ESMs:
- Training event data
- Early Head Start program data
- Home visiting program data
- WIC clinic data
- Dental clinic/office data
1 Lipper J. Advancing Oral Health through the Women, Infants, and Children Program: A New Hampshire Pilot Project. (2016). Center for Health Care Strategies.
2 Perkins, R. B., Zisblatt, L., Legler, A., Trucks, E., Hanchate, A., & Gorin, S. S. (2015). Effectiveness of a provider-focused intervention to improve HPV vaccination rates in boys and girls. Vaccine, 33(9), 1223-1229.
3 Resources used to establish expert opinion:
- Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors, Best Practice Committee. 2019. Best Practice Approach: Perinatal Oral Health. Reno, NV: Association of State and Territorial Dental Directors.
- Casamassimo P, Holt K, eds. 2016. Bright Futures in Practice: Oral Health—Pocket Guide(3rd ed.).Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center.
- Clark MB, Douglass AB, Maier R, Deutchman M, Gonsalves W, Silk H, Wrightson AS, Quinonez R, Dolce M, Dalal M, Rizzolo D. 2010. Smiles for Life: A National Oral Health Curriculum(3rd ed.).Leawood, KS: Society of Teachers of Family Medicine.
- Lorenzo S, Goodman H, Stemmler P, Holt K, Barzel R, eds. 2019.The Maternal and Child Health Bureau–Funded Perinatal and Infant Oral Health Quality Improvement (PIOHQI) Initiative 2013–2019: Final Report. Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center.
- Oral Health Care During Pregnancy Expert Workgroup. 2012. Oral Health Care During Pregnancy: A National Consensus Statement. Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center.
- Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center. 2010. Open Wide: Oral Health Training for Health Professionals. Washington, DC: National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center.
- Wells J. 2019. Improving Oral Health Outcomes for Pregnant Women and Infants by Educating Home Visitors. Washington, DC: Association of Maternal and Child Health Programs.