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Strengthen the Evidence for Maternal and Child Health Programs

New: MCHbest strategies database for sample ESMs

Evidence Tools
MCHbest. NPM 15: Continuous and Adequate Insurance

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Strategy. Medicaid Waivers

Approach. Implement protocol to waive federal regulations to ensure health insurance coverage for CYSHCN.

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Overview. Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS) waivers, like the TEFRA State Plan Option, allow states to disregard family income for children with severe disabilities who are cared for at home but who might otherwise live in institutional settings. In contrast with the TEFRA State Plan Option, HCBS waivers usually provide additional services designed to support families in keeping their children in the community rather than in institutions. In addition to Medicaid coverage, HCBS waiver services may include respite, home or vehicle modifications, or medical day care. States are allowed to restrict eligibility by age, geographic region, and diagnosis.1

Evidence. Expert Opinion/Field Generated. The Catalyst Center/National Center for Health Insurance and Financing for Children and Youth with Special Health Care Needs (CYSHCN) has identified this strategy as an innovative strategy. Read more in their practice report.

Target Audience. State/Systems.

Outcome. Percent of children, ages 0 through 17, who are continuously and adequately insured. For detailed outcomes related to each study supporting this strategy, click on the peer-reviewed evidence link above and read the "Intervention Results" for each study.

Examples from the Field. Access descriptions of ESMs across all states/jurisdictions that use this strategy directly or intervention components that align with this strategy. You can use these ESMs to see how other Title V agencies are addressing the NPM.

Sample ESMs. Using the approach “Implement protocol to waive federal regulations to ensure health insurance coverage for CYSHCN,” here are sample ESMs you can use as a model for your own measures using the Results-Based Accountability framework (for suggestions on how to develop programs to support this strategy, see The Role of Title V in Adapting Strategies):

Quadrant 1:
Measuring Quantity of Effort
("What/how much did we do?")

  • Number of uninsured CYSHCN with severe disabilities who are cared for at home and are working with Title V to access services.

Quadrant 2:
Measuring Quality of Effort
("How well did we do it?")

  • Percent of uninsured CYSHCN with severe disabilities who are cared for at home and are working with Title V to access services.

Quadrant 3:
Measuring Quantity of Effect
("Is anyone better off?")

  • Number of CYSHCN insured after implementing Medicaid waiver..

Quadrant 4:
Measuring Quality of Effect
("How are they better off?")

  • Percent of CYSHCN insured after implementing Medicaid waiver.

Notes. ESMs become stronger as they move from measuring quantity to measuring quality (moving from Quadrants 1 and 3, respectively, to Quadrants 2 and 4) and from measuring effort to measuring effect (moving from Quadrants 1 and 2, respectively, to Quadrants 3 and 4):

Learn More. Read how to create stronger ESMs and how to measure ESM impact more meaningfully through Results-Based Accountability.


Reference:

1 Catalyst Center/National Center for Health Insurance and Financing for Children and Youth with Special Health Care Needs. Medicaid Waivers Financing Strategy.

This project is supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) under grant number U02MC31613, MCH Advanced Education Policy, $3.5 M. This information or content and conclusions are those of the author and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor should any endorsements be inferred by HRSA, HHS or the U.S. Government.