MCHbest. NPM 15: Continuous and Adequate Insurance
Strategy. TEFRA (Katie Beckett Option)
Approach. Support the implementation of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act.
Overview. Under the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act (TEFRA), states may provide Medicaid coverage to children with severe disabilities younger than 19 who require a level of care that could be reasonably provided in a hospital, skilled nursing facility, or an intermediate care facility for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ICF/IID), without using household income as an eligibility criterion.
When a child receives extended care in an institutional setting, Medicaid disregards family income as an eligibility requirement and makes the determination based solely on the child’s income. The TEFRA/Katie Beckett State Plan Option makes it possible to do the same for a family whose child requires care at the level provided in an institution, but who can safely be cared for at home, as long as it is cost neutral to the state to do so. Because states vary widely in the availability of institutional care for children and in the clinical criteria they use for determining a child’s level of care needs, the number of children and youth with disabilities who receive Medicaid benefits under this state option varies widely from state-to-state.1
Evidence. Expert Opinion/Field Generated. The Catalyst Center/National Center for Health Insurance and Financing for Children and Youth with Special Health Care Needs (CYSHCN) has identified this strategy as an innovative strategy. Read more in their practice report.
Target Audience. State/Systems.
Outcome. Percent of children, ages 0 through 17, who are continuously and adequately insured. For detailed outcomes related to each study supporting this strategy, click on the peer-reviewed evidence link above and read the "Intervention Results" for each study.
Examples from the Field. Access descriptions of ESMs across all states/jurisdictions that use this strategy directly or intervention components that align with this strategy. You can use these ESMs to see how other Title V agencies are addressing the NPM.
Sample ESMs. Using the approach “Support the implementation of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act,” here are sample ESMs you can use as a model for your own measures using the Results-Based Accountability framework (for suggestions on how to develop programs to support this strategy, see The Role of Title V in Adapting Strategies):
Notes. ESMs become stronger as they move from measuring quantity to measuring quality (moving from Quadrants 1 and 3, respectively, to Quadrants 2 and 4) and from measuring effort to measuring effect (moving from Quadrants 1 and 2, respectively, to Quadrants 3 and 4):
1 Catalyst Center/National Center for Health Insurance and Financing for Children and Youth with Special Health Care Needs. TEFRA Financing Strategy.