MCH Best. NPM 4: Breastfeeding
Strategy. Peer Counselors
Approach. Utilize breastfeeding peer counselors through WIC programs.
Overview. Peer counselors can significantly improve breastfeeding initiation rates and have an impact on breastfeeding rates at 1 and 3 months post-partum.1,2
Evidence. Moderate. Peer counselor interventions appear to be effective and are more likely to influence initiation than exclusivity at 6 months. Programs based on this strategy are likely to work. This strategy has been tested more than once and results trend positive overall. Access the peer-reviewed evidence through the MCH Digital Library. (Read more about understanding evidence ratings).
Target Audience. Mother/famil (through home visitors, community health workers, and health care providers)..
Outcome. Initiation, Duration, and Exclusivity; however peer counselor interventions appear to be more likely to influence initiation than exclusivity at 6 months. For detailed outcomes related to each study supporting this strategy, click on the peer-reviewed evidence link above and read the "Intervention Results" for each study.
Examples from the Field. There are currently 5 ESMs across all states/jurisdictions that use this strategy directly or intervention components that align with this strategy. Access descriptions of these ESMs through the MCH Digital Library. You can use these ESMs to see how other Title V agencies are addressing the NPM.
Sample ESMs. Using the approach “Utilize breastfeeding peer counselors through WIC programs,” here are sample ESMs you can use as a model for your own measures using the Results-Based Accountability framework (for suggestions on how to develop programs to support this strategy, see The Role of Title V in Adapting Strategies):
Note. ESMs become stronger as they move from measuring quantity to measuring quality (moving from Quadrants 1 and 3, respectively, to Quadrants 2 and 4) and from measuring effort to measuring effect (moving from Quadrants 1 and 2, respectively, to Quadrants 3 and 4).
1 McCoy, M. B., Geppert, J., Dech, L., & Richardson, M. (2018). Associations between peer counseling and breastfeeding initiation and duration: an analysis of Minnesota participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Maternal and child health journal, 22(1), 71-81.
2 Chapman, D. J., Damio, G., Young, S., & Pérez-Escamilla, R. (2004). Effectiveness of breastfeeding peer counseling in a low-income, predominantly Latina population: a randomized controlled trial. Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine, 158(9), 897-902.