MCHbest. NPM 7: Injury Hospitilization
Strategy. Legislation to Prevent Drowning and Other Injuries
Approach. Support policies and legislation promoting barrier-isolation to protect young children from drowning and other injuries.
Overview. Mandated safety legislation and policy level interventions have strengthened the reach and impact of injury prevention efforts including drowning.1
Evidence. Moderate. Research has demonstrated the effectiveness of policy interventions to prevent drownings through safety legislation for barrier isolation. Programs based on this strategy are likely to work. This strategy has been tested more than once and results trend positive overall. Access the peer-reviewed evidence through the MCH Digital Library. (Read more about understanding evidence ratings).
Target Audience. State/National leaders.
Outcome. Reduction of childhood injury caused by drowning. For detailed outcomes related to each study supporting this strategy, click on the peer-reviewed evidence link above and read the “Intervention Results” for each study.
Examples from the Field. Access descriptions of ESMs that use this strategy directly or intervention components that align with this strategy. You can use these ESMs to see how other Title V agencies are addressing the NPM. You may also want to look at evidence that supports educational programs in other NPM topic areas that can be translated to this specific topic area.
Sample ESMs. Using the approach “Adopt legislation with barrier-isolation to protect young children from drowning,” here are sample ESMs you can use as a model for your own measures using the Results-Based Accountability framework:
Note. ESMs become stronger as they move from measuring quantity to measuring quality (moving from Quadrants 1 and 3, respectively, to Quadrants 2 and 4) and from measuring effort to measuring effect (moving from Quadrants 1 and 2, respectively, to Quadrants 3 and 4).
1 Solomon R, Giganti M, Weiner A, Akpinar-Elci M. Water safety education among primary school children in Grenada. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion 2013; 20(3): 266–270.