MCHbest. NPM 7: Injury Hospitilization
Strategy. School-Based Educational Programs to Promote Safety on the Road
Approach. Conduct educational programs with curricula that focus on bicycle safety and on safe driving skills.
Overview. Studies show that conducting school-based educational programs that focus on bicycle safety, including bicycle laws, maintenance, and body health, can lead to a reduction in bicycle-related injuries. Educational programs that stress safe driving skills and present examples of real-life traumas are effective in increasing knowledge of safe driving skills, which can lead to a reduction in motor vehicle accidents among teen drivers. 1-4
Evidence. Emerging. School-based educational programs that focus on bicycle safety and on safe driving skills appear to be effective in reducing bicycle-related injuries and motor vehicle accidents. Strategies with this rating show promising outcomes. These strategies have been tested more than once and need further research, often with stronger designs, to confirm effects. Access the peer-reviewed evidence through the MCH Digital Library. (Read more about understanding evidence ratings).
Target Audience. Elementary, middle school, and high school students.
Outcome. Reduction in bicycle-related injuries; increase in bicycle safety knowledge; increase in knowledge of safe driving skills. For detailed outcomes related to each study supporting this strategy, click on the peer-reviewed evidence link above and read the "Intervention Results" for each study.
Examples from the Field. Access descriptions of ESMs that use this strategy directly or intervention components that align with this strategy. You can use these ESMs to see how other Title V agencies are addressing the NPM. You may also want to look at evidence that supports educational programs in other NPM topic areas that can be translated to this specific topic area.
Sample ESMs.Using the approach “Conduct educational programs with curricula that focus on bicycle safety and on safe driving skills,” here are sample ESMs you can use as a model for your own measures using the Results-Based Accountability framework:
Note. ESMs become stronger as they move from measuring quantity to measuring quality (moving from Quadrants 1 and 3, respectively, to Quadrants 2 and 4) and from measuring effort to measuring effect (moving from Quadrants 1 and 2, respectively, to Quadrants 3 and 4).
1 Allabaugh CT, Maltz S, Carlson G, Watcharotone, K. Education and prevention for teens: using trauma nurses Talk Tough presentation with pretest and posttest evaluation of knowledge and behavior changes. Journal of Trauma Nursing 2008;15(3): 102-111.
2 Banfield JM, Gomez M, Kiss A, et al. Effectiveness of the PARTY (prevent alcohol and risk-related trauma in youth) program preventing traumatic injuries: a 10-year analysis. J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2011;70: 732-5.
3 Groesz LM. A conceptual evaluation of a school-based utilitarian exercise model [Dissertation]. Austin, Texas, USA: The University of Texas at Austin, 2009.
4 McLaughlin KA, Glang A. The effectiveness of a bicycle safety program for improving safety-related knowledge and behavior in young elementary students. J Pediatr Psychol 2010;35: 343–53.