MCHbest. NPM 7: Injury Hospitilization
Strategy. School Program Using Motivational Interviewing to Prevent Underage Alcohol Use and Illegal Drug Use
Approach. Conduct motivational interview-based educational program to prevent underage alcohol use and illegal drug use.
Overview. Studies show educational programs that use motivational interviewing have the potential to increase motivation to stop substance use, improve knowledge of drug use myths, and improve decision-making skills.1
Evidence. Moderate. Educational programs that use motivational interviewing appear to be effective in preventing underage alcohol use and illegal drug use. Programs based on this strategy are likely to work. This strategy has been tested more than once and results trend positive overall. Access the peer-reviewed evidence through the MCH Digital Library. (Read more about understanding evidence ratings).
Target Audience. High school students.
Outcome. Increased motivation to stop substance use; improved knowledge of drug use myths; improved decision-making skills. For detailed outcomes related to each study supporting this strategy, click on the peer-reviewed evidence link above and read the "Intervention Results" for each study.
Examples from the Field. Access descriptions of ESMs that use this strategy directly or intervention components that align with this strategy. You can use these ESMs to see how other Title V agencies are addressing the NPM. You may also want to look at evidence that supports educational programs in other NPM topic areas that can be translated to this specific topic area.
Sample ESMs. Using the approach “Conduct motivational interview-based educational program to prevent underage alcohol use and illegal drug use,” here are sample ESMs you can use as a model for your own measures using the Results-Based Accountability framework:
Note. ESMs become stronger as they move from measuring quantity to measuring quality (moving from Quadrants 1 and 3, respectively, to Quadrants 2 and 4) and from measuring effort to measuring effect (moving from Quadrants 1 and 2, respectively, to Quadrants 3 and 4).
1 Lisha NE, Sun P, Rohrbach LA, Spruijt-Metz D, Unger JB, Sussman S. An evaluation of immediate outcomes and fidelity of a drug abuse prevention program in continuation high schools: project towards no drug abuse (TND). Journal of Drug Education 2012;42(1): 33-57.