MCHbest. NPM 8: Physical Activity
Strategy. School-Based Family Intervention
Approach. Provide a school-based family intervention with instruction and support in or outside of school to encourage physical activity.
Overview. Research indicates that an intervention where students and families are given instruction and support through their school with the goal of increasing physical activity influences physical activity behaviors in or out of school.1
Evidence. Emerging. Initial research showed positive results for a school-based family intervention to increase physical activity in children and adolescents. Further research is needed to identify critical components and confirm effects. This strategy has been tested more than once and results trend positive overall. Access the peer-reviewed evidence through the MCH Digital Library. (Read more about understanding evidence ratings).
Target Audience. Children and adolescents.
Outcome. Increase in overall physical activity in children and adolescents. For detailed outcomes related to each study supporting this strategy, click on the peer-reviewed evidence link above and read the “Intervention Results” for each study.
Examples from the Field. Access descriptions of ESMs that use this strategy directly or intervention components that aligns with this strategy. You can use these ESMs to see how other Title V agencies are addressing the NPM.
Sample ESMs. Using the approach “Provide a school-based family intervention with instruction and support in or outside of school to encourage physical activity,” here are sample ESMs you can use to model for your own measures using the Results-Based Accountability framework (for suggestions on how to develop programs to support this strategy, see The Role of Title V in Adapting Strategies):
Note. ESMs become stronger as they move from measuring quantity to measuring quality (moving from Quadrants 1 and 3, respectively, to Quadrants 2 and 4) and from measuring effort to measuring effect (moving from Quadrants 1 and 2, respectively, to Quadrants 3 and 4).
1 Siegrist M, Hanssen H, Lammel C, Haller B, Koch AM, Stemp P, Dandl E, Liestak R, Parhofer KG, Vogeser M, Halle M. Effects of a cluster-randomized school-based prevention program on physical activity and microvascular function (JuvenTUM 3). Atherosclerosis. 2018;278:73-81.