MCHbest. NPM 8: Physical Activity
Strategy. Family-Based Physical Activity Interventions
Approach. Include families in physical activity interventions to encourage support for positive behavior for children and adolescents through educational sessions and role modeling.
Overview. Family-based physical activity interventions rely on engaging parents and guardians to participate in and to promote physical activity within a family environment. Increasing familial support for physical activity can be introduced through educational sessions on health, goal-setting, and family behavioral management. The hope is that by increasing positivity related to physical activity and other healthy activities in the home as a whole, that it will benefit children and adolescents within the household. Examples of studies with positive outcomes used a variety of educational opportunities for families and children at local community centers to promote healthy behaviors and physical activity as well as educational materials (booklets, workbooks) to help organize physical activity opportunities within the home.1, 2
Evidence. Mixed. Initial studies showed some positive results and some mixed results for strategies to establish positive family-based support promoting physical activity. Further research is needed to identify critical components and confirm effects. Access the peer-reviewed evidence through the MCH Digital Library. (Read more about understanding evidence ratings).
Outcome. Increase in physical activity levels. For detailed outcomes related to each study supporting this strategy, click on the peer-reviewed evidence link above and read the “Intervention Results” for each study.
Examples from the Field. Access descriptions of ESMs that use this strategy directly or intervention components that aligns with this strategy. You can use these ESMs to see how other Title V agencies are addressing the NPM.
Sample ESMs. Using the approach “Include families in physical activity interventions to encourage support for positive behavior for children and adolescents through educational sessions and role modeling,” here are sample ESMs you can use to model for your own measures using the Results-Based Accountability framework (for suggestions on how to develop programs to support this strategy, see The Role of Title V in Adapting Strategies):
Note. ESMs become stronger as they move from measuring quantity to measuring quality (moving from Quadrants 1 and 3, respectively, to Quadrants 2 and 4) and from measuring effort to measuring effect (moving from Quadrants 1 and 2, respectively, to Quadrants 3 and 4).
1 Hingle MD, Turner T, Going S, Ussery C, Roe DJ, Saboda K, Kutob R, Stump C. Feasibility of a family-focused YMCA-based diabetes prevention program in youth: The E.P.I.C. Kids (Encourage, Practice, and Inspire Change) Study. Preventative Medicine Reports. 2019;14:100840.
2 Rhodes RE, Blanchard CM, Quinlan A, Naylor PJ, Warburton DER. Family physical activity planning and child physical activity outcomes: A randomized trial. American Journal of Preventative Medicine. 2019;57(2):135-144.